AP WORLD HISTORY CONCEPTS
Prehistory
Stone Ages
Nomad
Foraging societies
Pastoral societies
Hunter-gatherer
Neolithic Age
Agricultural Revolution
Domestication
Civilization
Social stratification
Social mobility
Bronze Age
River valley civilization

Mesopotamia
Tigris and Euphrates
City-state

Fertile Crescent
Sumer
Ur

Cuneiform
Epic of Gilgamesh
Ziggurat
Polytheism
Akkadians
Empire
Code of Hammurabi

Babylonia
Hittities
Iron Age
Assyrians
Chaldeans
Nebuchadnezzar
Indo-Europeans

Persian Empire
Royal Road
Satrap/satrapies
Zoroastrinism
Lydians
Phoenicians
Alphabet
Thalassocracy
Hebrews
Judaism
Tanakh
Torah
Monotheism
Israelites

Jerusalem
Egypt
Nile River

Old, Middle, New Kingdoms
Pharaoh
Vizier
Regent
Hieroglyphs
Divine right
Hyksos
Theocracy

Mediterranean Sea
Indus River
Ganges River
Khyber Pass
Hindu Kush Mountains
Himalayas

Monsoons
Harappa
Mohenjo-Daro

Aryans
Vedas
Upanishads
Sanskrit
Sati
Caste system
Brahmans
Kshatriyas
Vaisyas
Sudras
Dharma
Karma
Hinduism
Buddhism
Nirvana
Four Noble Truths
Eightfold Path
Theravada
Mahayana
Huang He/Yellow River

Yangtze River
Chinese pictographs
Shang Dynasty
Patriarchal
Zhou Dynasty
Mandate of Heaven
Bureaucracy
Olmec
Chavin
Mauryan Empire
Rock and Pillar Edicts
“Golden Age”
Arabic numerals
Qin Dynasty
Legalism
Censorate

Great Wall of China
Han Dynasty
Confucianism
Junzi
Ren
Li
Xiao/filial piety
Dao
Daoism
Wuwei
Rudder
Lateen sail

Greece
Minoans
Mycenaeans
Polis
Acropolis
Agora

Athens
Sparta

Tyrant/tyranny
Democracy
Direct democracy
Ostracism
Delian League
Philosophy
Socratic method
Plato’s Republic
Doric
Ionic
Corinthian
Greco-Persian Wars

Hellespont
Peloponnesian War
Macedonian Empire
Hellenism

Alexandria
Antigonid
Seleucid
Ptolemaic

Rome
Roman Republic

Republic
Patricians
Plebians
Assembly
Senate
Twelve Tables
Punic Wars

Carthage
First Triumvirate
Dictator
Second Triumvirate
Imperator

Roman Empire
Pax Romana
Paterfamilias
Insulae
Aqueducts
Paganism
Christianity
New Testament
Clergy
Laity

Eastern Roman Empire
Western Roman Empire

Edict of Milan
Huns
Inflation

Constantinople
Germanic people
Visigoths
Ostrogoths
Vandals
Celts
Classical civilization

Silk Road
Islam
Quran/Koran
Five Pillars

Arabia
Shar’ia
Mecca
Medina

Hijra
Hajj
Sunni
Shiite
Mosque
Minaret
Caliph
Caliphate
Umayyad Caliphate
Abbasid Caliphate
Fatimid Caliphate

Baghdad
Byzantine Empire

Justinian Code/Body of Civil Law
Great Schism
Catholicism
Orthodox Christianity
Patriarch of Constantinople
Pope/papacy
Cyrillic alphabet
Franks

Battle of Tours
Carolingian Dynasty
Holy Roman Empire
Treaty of Verdun
Vikings
Magyars
Feudalism
Vassals/vassalage
Fiefs
Manorial system
Manors
Three-field system
Chivalry
Primogeniture
Serfs/serfdom
Burghers

Hanseatic League
Crusades
Heresy
Scholasticism
Inquisition
Guilds

Battle of Hastings
Magna Carta
Parliament
House of Lords
House of Commons
Hundred Years’ War
Reconquest
Spanish Inquisition

Kievan Kingdom
Czar
Boyars
Scholar-gentry
Dowry

Tibet
Tang Dynasty
Neoconfucianism
Song Dynasty
Foot binding
Zen Buddhism

Japan
Shinto
Yamato clan
Taika Reforms
Fujiwara clan
Shogun/shogunate
Daimyo

Kamakura Shogunate
Samurai
Bushido

Delhi Sultanate
Timur Lang’s Empire
Mongol Empire
khanate
Yuan Empire
Golden Horde
Il-Khanate
Matrilineal
Lineage groups
Diviner
Griot

Nubia
Kush
Axum

Trans-Saharan routes
Sahel/Sahelian

Ghana
Mali Empire
Timbuktu
Songhai Empire

Bantu
Subsistence farming
Stateless societies

Benin
Kongo
Mayas

Tikal
Chichen Itza

Aztec Empire
Tenochtitlan
Incan Empire
Quipu

Cuzco
Machu Pichu
Indian Ocean Maritime system

East Africa
Southwest Asia
South Asia
Southeast Asia

Bubonic Plague
Black Death
Classics
Humanism
Christian Humanism
The Prince
Renaissance
Printing press
Protestant Reformation
95 Theses
Indulgences
Calvinism
Anglican Church/Church of England
Catholic Reformation/Counter-Reformation
Council of Trent
Jesuits
Geocentric theory
Heliocentric theory
Scientific method
Inductive reasoning
Deductive reasoning
Deism
Enlightenment
Philosophes
The Leviathan
Two Treaties On Government
Natural law
Natural rights
Social contract
Separation of powers
Checks and balances
Enlightened monarchs
Treaty of Tordesillas
Line of Demarcation
Spanish Caste System
Peninsulares
Criollos/creoles
Mestizos
Mulattos
Encomienda
Columbian Exchange
Triangular Trade
Middle Passage
Joint-stock company
Charter
Mercantilism
Favorable balance of trade
Habsburgs
Bourbons
Tudors and Stuarts
Spanish Armada

English Commonwealth
Glorious Revolution
English Bill of Rights
Huguenots
Edict of Nantes
Absolutism

Palace of Versailles
War of Spanish Succession
Peace of Augsburg
Thirty Years’ War
Peace of Westphalia
Seljuk Turks
Ottoman Turks

Ottoman Empire
Sultan
Vizier
Harems
Janissaries

Moscow
Cossacks
Westernization
Mughal Empire
Safavid Empire
Shah
Ming Dynasty
Qing Dynasty
Manchus/Jurchens
Tokugawa Shogunate

Edo period
National Seclusion Policy
Kabuki theater
Haiku
Industrial Revolution
Enclosure
Domestic system
Flying shuttle
Spinning jenny
Cotton gin
Steam engine
Steamboat/ship
Locomotive
Telegraph
Telephone
Internal combustion engine
Interchangeable parts
Assembly line
Corporation
Evolution
Social Darwinism
Wealth of Nations
Laissez-faire
Capitalism
Socialism
Communism
Labor unions
Imperialism
White Man’s Burden
Indian National Congress
Opium War
Treaty of Nanking
Unequal treaties
Extraterritoriality
Spheres of influence
White Lotus Rebellions
Taiping Rebellion
Treaty of Shimonoseki
Open Door Policy
Boxers
Boxer Rebellion
Treaty of Kanagawa
Meiji Restoration
Russo-Japanese War
Boers
Boer War

Rhodesia
African National Congress
Suez Canal
French and Indian War
Seven Years’ War
Sugar Act
Stamp Act
Common Sense
American Revolution

Battle of Saratoga
Declaration of Independence
United States Constitution
Estates General
First Estate
Second Estate
Third Estate
Bourgeosie
Taille
National Assembly
French Revolution
Declaration of the Rights of Man
National Convention
Guillotine
Committee of Public Safety
Jacobins
Directory
Napoleonic Codes
Confederation of the Rhine

Waterloo
Congress of Vienna
Haitian Revolution
Treaty of Cordoba
Revolutions of 1848
Italian unification

Prussia
Franco-Prussian War
German unification
Emancipation Edict
Russification
Duma

Monroe Doctrine
Roosevelt Corollary
Panama Canal

Spanish-American War
Triple Alliance
Triple Entente
Nationalism
Isolationism
Fourteen Points

League of Nations
Paris Peace Conference

Treaty of Versailles
Russian Revolution
Soviets
Bolsheviks
Treaty of Brest-Litovsk

Soviet Union
New Economic Policy
Five Year Plans
Collectivization
Fascism

Weimar Republic
Nazi/Nazism
Third Reich

Rhineland
Munich Conference

Appeasement
Nazi-Soviet Pact
Sino-Japanese War
Anti-Comintern Pact
Blitzkrieg

Battle of Britain
Axis Powers
Allies

Pearl Harbor
D-Day/Normandy
Hiroshima/Nagasaki
Holocaust
Marshall Plan
United Nations
Cold War
Truman Doctrine
Containment
NATO

Warsaw Pact
Iron Curtain
Chinese Revolution 1911
Three Principles of the People
People’s Republic of China
Great Leap Forward
Cultural Revolution
Vietminh/Vietcong
Platt Amendment
Cuban Revolution

Bay of Pigs Invasion
Cuban Missile Crisis
Solidarity
Glasnost
Perestroika
Ethnic cleansing
Passive resistance

Rwanda
Apartheid
African National Congress
Zionism/Zionists
Balfour Declaration
Six Day War

Camp David Accords
West Bank
Gaza Strip
Golan Heights

PLO
Iranian Revolution
WTO
IMF
OPEC
Taliban
Al Queda

World Trade Center
Media